About the Authors

Douglas K. Brubaker

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Writing – original draft

Affiliations Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States of America, Cancer Research Institute, Beth Israel Deaconess Cancer Center and Department of Medicine, Harvard University Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America

Elizabeth A. Proctor

Roles Methodology, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States of America, Departments of Neurosurgery and Pharmacology, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Kevin M. Haigis

Roles Funding acquisition, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Cancer Research Institute, Beth Israel Deaconess Cancer Center and Department of Medicine, Harvard University Medical School, Boston, MA, United States of America

Douglas A. Lauffenburger

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – review & editing

lauffen@mit.edu

Affiliation Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.