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High-resolution 3D imaging and topological mapping of the lymph node conduit system

Fig 2

Network topology of the LN conduits in the TCZ.

Deploying custom-developed image-processing tools, a description of the conduit network in terms of nodes and links was generated from the 3D image data and used to estimate network parameters. Three-dimensional projections of the blood vasculature (red) and the conduit network in the TCZ (blue) as a whole (A) and magnified views of the TCZ (B, C) expose the complexity and the high level of detail in this data set. The full conduit data include large segments with diameters over 5 μm (D), but these represent blood vessels as the overlay with the blood vessel model (yellow) indicates (E). A blood vessel-free conduit network (F) was obtained by removing the majority of blood vessels from the 3D image prior to the network extraction in a semi-automated process. This TCZ conduit network excluding blood vessels was employed to calculate the distribution of segment diameters (G), lengths (H), the branching pattern (J), branching angles (K), and segment orientation (L), and the full data set including blood vessels was used to calculate the minimum distance to the nearest conduit (I). Simulation of T-cell motility utilizing these conduit data provides the cell displacement at a mean speed of 13 μm min−1 (M), motility coefficients for different speeds (N), and a spider plot representation of migration paths in a network with and without blood vessels (O). Values for each data point can be found in S1 Data. See also S2 and S3 Figs, and S3 Video. LN, lymph node; TCZ, T-cell zone.

Fig 2

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000486.g002