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Mom Knows Best: The Universality of Maternal Microbial Transmission

Figure 2

Examples of animals that exhibit microbial maternal transmission.

(A) Pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum), photo credit: Whitney Cranshaw, Colorado State University/©; (B) Domesticated chicken hen (Gallus gallus domesticus), photo credit: Ben Scicluna; (C) Sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka), photo credit: Cacophony; (D) South American river turtle (Podocnemis expansa), photo credit: Wilfredor. All photos were obtained from Wikimedia Commons (

Figure 2