About the Authors

William J. Ripple

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

bill.ripple@oregonstate.edu

Affiliation Global Trophic Cascades Program, Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, United States of America

Sterling D. Miller

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Current address: Retired, Missoula, Montana, United States of America

Affiliation Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Anchorage, Alaska, United States of America

John W. Schoen

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Current address: Retired, Anchorage, Alaska, United States of America

Affiliation Alaska Department of Fish and Game, Anchorage, Alaska, United States of America

Sanford P. Rabinowitch

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Current address: Retired, Anchorage, Alaska, United States of America

Affiliation United States National Park Service, Anchorage, Alaska, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.