About the Authors

Scott A. Thomson

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

scott.thomson321@gmail.com (SAT); deepreef@bishopmuseum.org (RLP)

Affiliations Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil, Chelonian Research Institute, Oviedo, Florida, United States of America

Richard L. Pyle

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

scott.thomson321@gmail.com (SAT); deepreef@bishopmuseum.org (RLP)

Affiliations Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Hawai‘i, United States of America, International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore

Shane T. Ahyong

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Marine Invertebrates, Australian Museum, New South Wales, Australia, School of Biological, Earth & Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, New South Wales, Australia

Miguel Alonso-Zarazaga

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC), Madrid, Spain

Joe Ammirati

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Juan Francisco Araya

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Universidad de Atacama, Copiapó, Chile, and Programa de Doctorado en Sistemática y Biodiversidad, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Oceanográficas, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile

John S. Ascher

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Tracy Lynn Audisio

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Biodiversity and Biocomplexity Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, Kunigami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan

Valter M. Azevedo-Santos

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Laboratório de Ictiologia, Departamento de Zoologia, IBB-UNESP Campus de Botucatu, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil

Nicolas Bailly

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation FishBase Information and Research Group, IRRI Campus, Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines

William J. Baker

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Comparative Plant and Fungal Biology Department, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, United Kingdom

Michael Balke

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns, München, Germany

Maxwell V. L. Barclay

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

Russell L. Barrett

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Australian National Herbarium, Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research, CSIRO National Research Collections Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Australia, College of Medicine, Biology and Environment, Research School of Biology, Australian National University, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

Ricardo C. Benine

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Laboratório de Ictiologia, Departamento de Zoologia, IBB-UNESP Campus de Botucatu, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil

James R. M. Bickerstaff

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, New South Wales, Australia

Patrice Bouchard

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ontario, Canada

Roger Bour

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France

Thierry Bourgoin

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Institut de Systématique, Evolution, Biodiversité, Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France

Christopher B. Boyko

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Division of Invertebrate Zoology, American Museum of Natural History, New York, United States of America, Department of Biology, Hofstra University, New York, United States of America

Abraham S. H. Breure

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, the Netherlands, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium

Denis J. Brothers

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Scottsville, South Africa

James W. Byng

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, the Netherlands, Plant Gateway Ltd., Yorkshire, United Kingdom

David Campbell

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Natural Sciences, Gardner-Webb University, North Carolina, United States of America

Luis M. P. Ceríaco

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biology, Villanova University, Pennsylvania, United States of America

István Cernák

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Potato Research Center, Georgikon Faculty, University of Pannonia, Keszthely, Hungary

Pierfilippo Cerretti

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologia 'Charles Darwin', Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy

Chih-Han Chang

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Environmental Science and Technology, University of Maryland, Maryland, United States of America

Soowon Cho

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Plant Medicine, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju, Korea

Joshua M. Copus

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Hawai‘i Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawai‘i, Hawai‘i, United States of America

Mark J. Costello

Roles Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institute of Marine Science, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Andras Cseh

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Martonvásár, Hungary

Csaba Csuzdi

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Zoology, Eszterházy Károly University, Eger, Hungary

Alastair Culham

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Herbarium, School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom

Guillermo D’Elía

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Instituto de Ciencias Ambientales y Evolutivas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile

Cédric d’Udekem d’Acoz

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium

Mikhail E. Daneliya

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biosciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

René Dekker

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, the Netherlands

Edward C. Dickinson

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Current address: 19 Marlborough Court, East Sussex, United Kingdom

Affiliation Ornithological Nomenclature Expert

Timothy A. Dickinson

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Green Plant Herbarium, Department of Natural History, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Peter Paul van Dijk

Roles Resources, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Nomenclature Specialist, CITES Animals Committee; Turtle Conservancy, New York, United States of America, Global Wildlife Conservation, Texas, United States of America

Klaas-Douwe B. Dijkstra

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, the Netherlands

Bálint Dima

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Plant Anatomy, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary, Department of Biosciences (Plant Biology), Viikki Plant Science Centre, Helsinki, Finland

Dmitry A. Dmitriev

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Illinois Natural History Survey, Illinois, United States of America

Leni Duistermaat

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, the Netherlands

John P. Dumbacher

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institute of Biodiversity Science and Sustainability, California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Wolf L. Eiserhardt

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, United Kingdom

Torbjørn Ekrem

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation NTNU University Museum, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway

Neal L. Evenhuis

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Hawai‘i, United States of America, International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore

Arnaud Faille

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Institut de Biologia Evolutiva, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain

José L. Fernández-Triana

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Ontario, Canada

Emile Fiesler

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Bioveyda Biodiversity Inventories and Research, California, United States of America

Mark Fishbein

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Plant Biology, Ecology & Evolution and Herbarium, Oklahoma State University, Oklahoma, United States of America

Barry G. Fordham

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

André V. L. Freitas

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Departamento de Biologia Animal, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

Natália R. Friol

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Uwe Fritz

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Senckenberg Naturhistorische Sammlungen, Dresden, Germany

Tobias Frøslev

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

Vicki A. Funk

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Botany, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC, United States of America

Stephen D. Gaimari

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Plant Pest Diagnostics Branch, California Department of Food and Agriculture, California, United States of America

Guilherme S. T. Garbino

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation PPG Zoologia, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Minas Gerais, Brazil

André R. S. Garraffoni

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Departamento de Biologia Animal, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

József Geml

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, the Netherlands

Anthony C. Gill

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Macleay Museum, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Alan Gray

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Edinburgh Research Station, Scotland, United Kingdom

Felipe G. Grazziotin

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Laboratório de Coleções Zoológicas, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Penelope Greenslade

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Environmental Management, School of Applied and Biomedical Science, Federation University, Victoria, Australia

Eliécer E. Gutiérrez

Roles Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations PPG Biodiversidade Animal, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States of America

Mark S. Harvey

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Department of Terrestrial Zoology, Western Australian Museum, Western Australia, Australia

Cornelis J. Hazevoet

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Museu Nacional da História Natural e da Ciência, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal

Kai He

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation The Kyoto University Museum, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan

Xiaolan He

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Finnish Museum of Natural History (Botany), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Stephan Helfer

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Scotland, United Kingdom

Kristofer M. Helgen

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation School of Biological Sciences and Environment Institute, University of Adelaide, South Australia, Australia

Anneke H. van Heteren

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns, München, Germany

Francisco Hita Garcia

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Biodiversity and Biocomplexity Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, Kunigami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan

Norbert Holstein

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Nees Institut für Biodiversität der Pflanzen, Universität Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Margit K. Horváth

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, University of Pannonia, Keszthely, Hungary

Peter H. Hovenkamp

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, the Netherlands

Wei Song Hwang

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Jaakko Hyvönen

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Biosciences (Plant Biology), Viikki Plant Science Centre, Helsinki, Finland, Finnish Museum of Natural History (Botany), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Melissa B. Islam

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Denver Botanic Gardens, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

John B. Iverson

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biology, Earlham College, Indiana, United States of America

Michael A. Ivie

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Montana Entomology Collection, Montana State University, Montana, United States of America

Zeehan Jaafar

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Morgan D. Jackson

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation School of Environmental Sciences, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada

J. Pablo Jayat

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Instituto de Ambiente de Montaña y Regiones Áridas, Universidad Nacional de Chilecito, La Rioja, Argentina

Norman F. Johnson

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Martha N. and John C. Moser Chair in Arthropod Systematics and Biological Diversity, The Ohio State University, Ohio, United States of America

Hinrich Kaiser

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biology, Victor Valley College, Victorville, California, United States of America

Bente B. Klitgård

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Identification and Naming Department, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, United Kingdom

Dániel G. Knapp

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Plant Anatomy, Institute of Biology, Eötvös Loránd University, Budapest, Hungary

Jun-ichi Kojima

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Natural History Laboratory, Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University, Mito, Japan

Urmas Kõljalg

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia

Jenő Kontschán

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Plant Protection Institute, Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary

Frank-Thorsten Krell

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Department of Zoology, Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Denver, Colorado, United States of America

Irmgard Krisai-Greilhuber

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Systematic and Evolutionary Botany, Universität Wien, Wien, Austria

Sven Kullander

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, FishBase, Department of Zoology, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden

Leonardo Latella

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Zoology, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale of Verona, Verona, Italy

John E. Lattke

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Paraná, Brazil

Valeria Lencioni

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Sezione di Zoologia degli Invertebrati e Idrobiologia, MUSE-Museo delle Scienze di Trento, Trento, Italy

Gwilym P. Lewis

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Comparative Plant and Fungal Biology Department, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, United Kingdom

Marcos G. Lhano

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Ambientais e Biológicas, Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia, Bahia, Brazil

Nathan K. Lujan

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, University of Toronto Scarborough, Ontario, Canada

Jolanda A. Luksenburg

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Environmental Science and Policy, George Mason University, Virginia, United States of America

Jean Mariaux

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Natural History Museum of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland, Department of Genetics and Evolution, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

Jader Marinho-Filho

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Departamento de Zoologia, Universidade de Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil

Christopher J. Marshall

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Integrative Biology, Oregon State Arthropod Collection, Oregon State University, Oregon, United States of America

Jason F. Mate

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Henares 16, Velilla de San Antonio, Madrid, Spain

Molly M. McDonough

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States of America

Ellinor Michel

Roles Resources, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom, International Committee on Bionomenclature, Braunschweig, Germany

Vitor F. O. Miranda

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp), Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e Veterinárias, Jaboticabal, Departamento de Biologia Aplicada à Agropecuária, São Paulo, Brazil

Mircea-Dan Mitroiu

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Faculty of Biology, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iași, Iași, Romania

Jesús Molinari

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Departamento de Biología, Universidad de Los Andes, Mérida, Venezuela

Scott Monks

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Laboratorio de Morfología Animal, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Hidalgo, México, H.W. Manter Laboratory of Parasitology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, United States of America

Abigail J. Moore

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Robert Bebb Herbarium (OKL), University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma Biological Survey, Norman, Oklahoma, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Plant Biology, Norman, Oklahoma, United States of America

Ricardo Moratelli

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Fiocruz Mata Atlântica, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Dávid Murányi

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Ehime University, Matsuyama, Japan, Department of Zoology, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, Hungary

Takafumi Nakano

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Science Education, Hiroshima University, Higashihiroshima, Japan

Svetlana Nikolaeva

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Department of Earth Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom, Kazan Federal University, Kremlyovskaya, Russia

John Noyes

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

Michael Ohl

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Museum für Naturkunde, Leibniz-Institut für Evolutions-und Biodiversitätsforschung, Berlin, Germany

Nora H. Oleas

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centro de Investigación de la Biodiversidad y Cambio Climático (BioCamb) e Ingeniería en Biodiversidad y Recursos Genéticos, Universidad Tecnológica Indoamérica, Quito, Ecuador

Thomas Orrell

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Integrated Taxonomic Information System, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States of America

Barna Páll-Gergely

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Centre for Agricultural Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Martonvásár, Hungary

Thomas Pape

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Natural History Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Viktor Papp

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Botany, Szent István University, Budapest, Hungary

Lynne R. Parenti

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Vertebrate Zoology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States of America

David Patterson

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Igor Ya. Pavlinov

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Zoological Museum of Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia

Ronald H. Pine

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Biodiversity Institute, University of Kansas, Kansas, United States of America

Péter Poczai

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation CITES Scientific Authority, Finnish Museum of Natural History (Botany), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

Jefferson Prado

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo, Brazil

Divakaran Prathapan

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Kerala Agricultural University, Kerala, India

Richard K. Rabeler

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation University of Michigan Herbarium EEB, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

John E. Randall

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Hawai‘i, United States of America

Frank E. Rheindt

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Anders G. J. Rhodin

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Chelonian Research Foundation, Massachusetts, United States of America, Turtle Conservancy, New York, United States of America

Sara M. Rodríguez

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile

D. Christopher Rogers

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Kansas Biological Survey and the Biodiversity Institute, University of Kansas, Kansas, United States of America

Fabio de O. Roque

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Laboratório de Ecologia e Conservação, Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso do Sul, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil

Kevin C. Rowe

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Sciences Department, Museums Victoria, Victoria, Australia

Luis A. Ruedas

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biology and Museum of Vertebrate Biology, Portland State University, Oregon, United States of America

Jorge Salazar-Bravo

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Texas, United States of America

Rodrigo B. Salvador

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany

George Sangster

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Bioinformatics and Genetics, Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden

Carlos E. Sarmiento

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Laboratorio de Sistemática y Biología Comparada de Insectos, Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia

Dmitry S. Schigel

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Global Biodiversity Information Facility, Copenhagen, Denmark

Stefan Schmidt

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns, München, Germany

Frederick W. Schueler

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Fragile Inheritance Natural History, Ontario, Canada

Hendrik Segers

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation National Focal Point to the Convention on Biological Diversity, Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Brussels, Belgium

Neil Snow

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biology, Pittsburg State University, Kansas, United States of America

Pedro G. B. Souza-Dias

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Riaan Stals

Roles Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Agricultural Research Council, Plant Protection Research Institute, South African National Collection of Insects, Queenswood, South Africa

Soili Stenroos

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Finnish Museum of Natural History (Botany), University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

R. Douglas Stone

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation School of Life Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Scottsville, South Africa

Charles F. Sturm

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Section of Mollusks, Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Pavel Štys

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic

Pablo Teta

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales 'Bernardino Rivadavia', Buenos Aires, Argentina

Daniel C. Thomas

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation National Parks Board, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Singapore

Robert M. Timm

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Kansas, Kansas, United States of America

Brian J. Tindall

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Committee on Bionomenclature, Braunschweig, Germany, Judicial Commission on Prokaryote Nomenclature, London, United Kingdom

Jonathan A. Todd

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Earth Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

Dagmar Triebel

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Botanische Staatssammlung München and SNSB IT Center, Staatliche Naturwissenschaftliche Sammlungen Bayerns, München, Germany, Permanent ICN Nomenclature Committee for Fungi, International Mycological Association

Antonio G. Valdecasas

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC), Madrid, Spain

Alfredo Vizzini

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e Biologia dei Sistemi, Università di Torino, Torino, Italy, Istituto per la Protezione Sostenibile delle Piante sez. di Torino, CNR, Torino, Italy

Maria S. Vorontsova

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Comparative Plant and Fungal Biology Department, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London, United Kingdom

Jurriaan M. de Vos

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland

Philipp Wagner

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Allwetterzoo Münster, Münster, Germany

Les Watling

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Hawai'i at Manoa, Hawai‘i, United States of America

Alan Weakley

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation UNC Herbarium (NCU), North Carolina Botanical Garden, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Francisco Welter-Schultes

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Abteilung Morphologie und Systematik der Tiere und Zoologisches Museum, Universität Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany, International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore

Daniel Whitmore

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, London, United Kingdom

Nicholas Wilding

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Unité Mixte de Recherche, Peuplements Végétaux et Bioaggresseurs en Milieu Tropical, Université de La Réunion, Ile de La Réunion, France

Kipling Will

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Essig Museum of Entomology, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California, United States of America

Jason Williams

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Biology, Hofstra University, New York, United States of America

Karen Wilson

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation General Committee for Nomenclature [for algae, fungi and plants], Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust, New South Wales, Australia

Judith E. Winston

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Smithsonian Marine Station, Florida, United States of America

Wolfgang Wüster

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Molecular Ecology and Fisheries Genetics Lab, School of Biological Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor, United Kingdom

Douglas Yanega

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Department of Entomology, Entomology Research Museum, University of California, Riverside, California, United States of America

David K. Yeates

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Australian National Insect Collection, CSIRO National Research Collections Australia, Australian Capital Territory, Australia

Hussam Zaher

Roles Conceptualization, Validation, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Guanyang Zhang

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation School of Life Sciences, Biodiversity Knowledge Integration Center, Hasbrouck Insect Collection, Arizona State University, Arizona, United States of America

Zhi-Qiang Zhang

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Landcare Research, Auckland, New Zealand, School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand

Hong-Zhang Zhou

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, Singapore, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chaoyang District, P. R. China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.