About the Authors

Andrew E. Shaw

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Joseph Hughes

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Quan Gu

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Methodology

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Abdelkader Behdenna

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Software, Validation, Writing – review & editing

Current address: Boyd Orr Centre for Population and Ecosystem Health, Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Joshua B. Singer

Roles Software

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Tristan Dennis

Roles Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Visualization

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Richard J. Orton

Roles Data curation, Investigation, Methodology

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Mariana Varela

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Robert J. Gifford

Roles Methodology, Resources, Software, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Sam J. Wilson

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Methodology, Project administration, Resources, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

sam.wilson@glasgow.ac.uk (SJW); massimo.palmarini@glasgow.ac.uk (MP)

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Massimo Palmarini

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

sam.wilson@glasgow.ac.uk (SJW); massimo.palmarini@glasgow.ac.uk (MP)

Affiliation MRC-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.