About the Authors

John P. A. Ioannidis

jioannid@stanford.edu

Affiliations Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America, Stanford Prevention Research Center, Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, United States of America, Department of Statistics, Stanford University School of Humanities and Sciences, Stanford, California, United States of America

Kevin Boyack

Affiliation SciTech Strategies, Inc., Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States of America

Paul F. Wouters

Affiliation Centre for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, Netherlands

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.