About the Authors

John P. A. Ioannidis

jioannid@stanford.edu

Affiliation Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Daniele Fanelli

Affiliation Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Debbie Drake Dunne

Affiliation Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Steven N. Goodman

Affiliation Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.