About the Authors

Andrew F. Read

a.read@psu.edu

Affiliations Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Departments of Biology and Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Susan J. Baigent

Affiliation Avian Oncogenic Virus Group, The Pirbright Institute, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom

Claire Powers

Affiliation Avian Oncogenic Virus Group, The Pirbright Institute, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom

Lydia B. Kgosana

Affiliation Avian Oncogenic Virus Group, The Pirbright Institute, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom

Luke Blackwell

Affiliation Avian Oncogenic Virus Group, The Pirbright Institute, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom

Lorraine P. Smith

Affiliation Avian Oncogenic Virus Group, The Pirbright Institute, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom

David A. Kennedy

Affiliations Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Departments of Biology and Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States of America, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Stephen W. Walkden-Brown

Affiliation School of Environmental and Rural Science, The University of New England, Armidale, Australia

Venugopal K. Nair

Affiliation Avian Oncogenic Virus Group, The Pirbright Institute, Compton, Newbury, Berkshire, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AFR SJB CP LPS SWWB VKN. Performed the experiments: SJB CP LBK LB LPS. Analyzed the data: AFR SJB CP DAK. Wrote the paper: AFR SJB CP DAK. Conceived the study and raised the funding: AFR VKN.