About the Authors

Jeffrey E. Markowitz

Contributed equally to this work with: Jeffrey E. Markowitz, William A. Liberti III

Affiliations Department of Cognitive and Neural Systems, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Biology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

William A. Liberti III

Contributed equally to this work with: Jeffrey E. Markowitz, William A. Liberti III

Affiliation Department of Biology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Grigori Guitchounts

Affiliation Program in Neuroscience, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Tarciso Velho

Affiliation Department of Neurobiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States of America

Carlos Lois

Affiliation Department of Neurobiology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States of America

Timothy J. Gardner

timothyg@bu.edu

Affiliations Department of Biology, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JEM WAL TJG. Performed the experiments: JEM WAL GG. Analyzed the data: JEM WAL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TV CL. Wrote the paper: JEM WAL TJG.