About the Authors

Jaco Weinstock

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jacobo.weinstock@zoo.ox.ac.uk (JW), Email: alan.cooper@adelaide.edu.au (AC)

Affiliation Ancient Biomolecules Centre, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Eske Willerslev

Current address: Ancient DNA and Evolution Group, Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark

Affiliation Ancient Biomolecules Centre, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Andrei Sher

Affiliation Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia

Wenfei Tong

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, United States of America

Simon Y.W Ho

Affiliation Ancient Biomolecules Centre, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Dan Rubenstein

Affiliation Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, United States of America

John Storer

Affiliation Government of the Yukon, Cultural Services Branch, Whitehorse, Canada

James Burns

Affiliation Quaternary Paleontology Program, Provincial Museum of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

Larry Martin

Affiliation Natural History Museum, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, United States of America

Claudio Bravi

Affiliation Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biologia Celular (IMBICE), La Plata, Argentina

Alfredo Prieto

Affiliation Instituto de la Patagonia, Universidad de Magallanes, Punta Arenas, Chile

Duane Froese

Affiliation Department of Earth and Atmospheric Science, University of Alberta, Canada

Eric Scott

Affiliation San Bernardino County Museum, Redlands, California, United States of America

Lai Xulong

Affiliation China University of Geosciences, Wuhan, China

Alan Cooper

To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: jacobo.weinstock@zoo.ox.ac.uk (JW), Email: alan.cooper@adelaide.edu.au (AC)

Current address: School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, Australia

Affiliation Ancient Biomolecules Centre, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

JW, EW, DR, and AC conceived and designed the experiments. JW and WT performed the experiments. JW, AS, SYWH, JS, JB, and LM analyzed the data. AS, JB, LM, CB, AP, DF, ES, and LX contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools. JW, DR, and AC wrote the paper.