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Effectors of plant-colonizing fungi and beyond

Fig 1

Strategies for successful host invasion.

Plant-colonizing microbes employ effectors fulfilling various functions during the host invasion, which are visualized symbolically in this cartoon. Different modes of action (self-binding and self-modifying, activating or inhibiting activities) of effectors described in the text may be applied to serve the listed strategies (text on grey oval background).

Fig 1

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1006992.g001