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Chlamydia trachomatis Co-opts GBF1 and CERT to Acquire Host Sphingomyelin for Distinct Roles during Intracellular Development

Figure 3

CERT and VAP-A are recruited to the inclusion.

(A) HeLa cells transfected with CERT-GFP for 18 hrs were left uninfected or infected with C. trachomatis L2 for 24 hrs. Images shown are maximum intensity projections of confocal z-stacks (0.4-µm slices). N, host nucleus; *, inclusions. Scale bar = 5 µm. (B) HeLa cells transfected with CERT-GFP were infected with C. trachomatis serovar D for 24 hrs and then fixed and stained with antibodies to IncA (red) to identify the inclusion membrane. Bacteria and host DNA were detected using DAPI (blue). Enlargements (inset) of boxed regions are shown to the right. *, inclusions. Scale bar = 5 µm. (C–E) HeLa cells were transfected with CERT-GFP and HcRedVAP-A for 18 hrs and infected with C. trachomatis L2 for (C) 2, (D) 8, or (E) 24 hrs. (C) Cells were stained with DAPI to visualize the nascent inclusions (red arrows). (D and E) Enlargements (inset) of boxed regions are shown to the right. At 8 and 24 hpi, CERT-GFP and HcRedVAP-A colocalize on the inclusion membrane and exhibit a patchy distribution. Images shown are maximum intensity projections of confocal z-stacks (0.4-µm slices). N, host nucleus; *, inclusions. Scale bar = 5 µm, except with insets from panels B, C, and D where scale bar = 2.5 µm.

Figure 3

doi: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1002198.g003