About the Authors

Philip O. Scumpia

Roles Conceptualization, Data curation, Formal analysis, Funding acquisition, Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Supervision, Validation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

smale@mednet.ucla.edu (STS); pscumpia@mednet.ucla.edu (POS)

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2563-2042

Giovanni A. Botten

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8054-8030

Joshua S. Norman

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6244-7065

Kindra M. Kelly-Scumpia

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis, Investigation

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0002-1525-8165

Roberto Spreafico

Roles Formal analysis, Resources

Current address: Synthetic Genomics, Inc. La Jolla, California, United States of America

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Institute for Quantitative and Computational Biosciences, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Amber R. Ruccia

Roles Formal analysis, Validation

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8454-0404

Prabhat K. Purbey

Roles Formal analysis, Validation

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6373-6283

Brandon J. Thomas

Roles Data curation, Formal analysis

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

ORCID http://orcid.org/0000-0002-0983-113X

Robert L. Modlin

Roles Resources, Supervision

Affiliations Department of Medicine, Division of Dermatology, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Stephen T. Smale

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

smale@mednet.ucla.edu (STS); pscumpia@mednet.ucla.edu (POS)

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

I have read the journal's policy and the authors of the manuscript have the following competing interests: RS works for Synthetic Genomics, Inc, a biotechnology company. His contributions to this manuscript occurred while he was employed at UCLA, previous to his employment at Synthetic Genomics.