About the Authors

Michael K. McCracken

Roles Conceptualization, Investigation, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Viral Diseases Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Gregory D. Gromowski

Roles Conceptualization, Formal analysis, Investigation, Methodology, Visualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Viral Diseases Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Heather L. Friberg

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Visualization, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Viral Diseases Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Xiaoxu Lin

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Viral Diseases Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Peter Abbink

Roles Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Center for Virology and Vaccine Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Rafael De La Barrera

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Pilot Bioproduction Facility, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Kenneth H. Eckles

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Pilot Bioproduction Facility, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Lindsey S. Garver

Roles Investigation, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Entomology Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Michael Boyd

Roles Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Center for Virology and Vaccine Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

David Jetton

Roles Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Center for Virology and Vaccine Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Dan H. Barouch

Roles Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Center for Virology and Vaccine Research, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Matthew C. Wise

Roles Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Veterinary Services Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Bridget S. Lewis

Roles Investigation, Methodology, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Veterinary Services Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Jeffrey R. Currier

Roles Methodology, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Viral Diseases Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Kayvon Modjarrad

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Henry M. Jackson Foundation, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America, Military HIV Research Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Mark Milazzo

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Henry M. Jackson Foundation, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America, Military HIV Research Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Michelle Liu

Roles Formal analysis, Writing – review & editing

Affiliations Henry M. Jackson Foundation, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America, Military HIV Research Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Anna B. Mullins

Roles Investigation, Project administration, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Veterinary Services Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

J. Robert Putnak

Roles Conceptualization, Writing – review & editing

Affiliation Viral Diseases Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Nelson L. Michael

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft

Affiliation Military HIV Research Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Richard G. Jarman

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

richard.g.jarman.mil@mail.mil

‡ RGJ and SJT are co-senior authors.

Affiliation Viral Diseases Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Stephen J. Thomas

Roles Conceptualization, Funding acquisition, Project administration, Supervision, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing

‡ RGJ and SJT are co-senior authors.

Affiliation Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.