About the Authors

Justin Bahl

Justin.Bahl@uth.tmc.edu (JB); jrun@mit.edu (JAR)

Affiliations Center for Infectious Diseases, The University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas, United States of America, Program in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore

Truc T. Pham

Affiliation Center for Infectious Diseases, The University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Nichola J. Hill

Affiliation Division of Comparative Medicine, Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Islam T. M. Hussein

Affiliation Division of Comparative Medicine, Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Eric J. Ma

Affiliation Division of Comparative Medicine, Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Bernard C. Easterday

Affiliation Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Rebecca A. Halpin

Affiliation J. Craig Venter Institute, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Timothy B. Stockwell

Affiliation J. Craig Venter Institute, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

David E. Wentworth

Affiliation J. Craig Venter Institute, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Ghazi Kayali

Affiliation Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

Scott Krauss

Affiliation Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

Stacey Schultz-Cherry

Affiliation Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

Robert G. Webster

Affiliation Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

Richard J. Webby

Affiliation Department of Infectious Diseases, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, Tennessee, United States of America

Michael D. Swartz

Affiliation Center for Infectious Diseases, The University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston, Texas, United States of America

Gavin J. D. Smith

Affiliations Program in Emerging Infectious Diseases, Duke-National University of Singapore Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore, Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America

Jonathan A. Runstadler

Justin.Bahl@uth.tmc.edu (JB); jrun@mit.edu (JAR)

Affiliation Division of Comparative Medicine, Department of Biological Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JB TTP NJH ITMH JAR. Performed the experiments: JB TTP NJH ITMH. Analyzed the data: JB TTP NJH ITMH EJM GK RGW RJW MDS GJDS JAR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BCE RAH TBS DEW SK SSC. Wrote the paper: JB TTP NJH ITMH JAR. Designed and supervised the study and revised the manuscript: JB JAR.