About the Authors

Cecile Le Saout

Affiliation CMRS/Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Rebecca B. Hasley

Affiliation CMRS/Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Hiromi Imamichi

Affiliation CMRS/Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Lueng Tcheung

Affiliation CMRS/Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Zonghui Hu

Affiliation Biostatistics Research Branch, DCR, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Megan A. Luckey

Affiliation Experimental Immunology Branch, CCR, NCI, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Jung-Hyun Park

Affiliation Experimental Immunology Branch, CCR, NCI, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Scott K. Durum

Affiliation Laboratory of Immunoregulation, CCR, NCI, NIH, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Mindy Smith

Affiliation CMRS/Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Adam W. Rupert

Affiliation AIDS Monitoring Labs. Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc, Frederick, Maryland, United States of America

Michael C. Sneller

Affiliation CMRS/Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

H. Clifford Lane

Affiliation CMRS/Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Marta Catalfamo

catalfam@mail.nih.gov

Affiliation CMRS/Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

AWR is affiliated with AIDS Monitoring Labs, Leidos Biomedical Research, Inc. This does not alter our adherence to all PLOS Pathogens policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CLS MC. Performed the experiments: CLS RBH LT HI ZH. Analyzed the data: CLS RBH LT HI ZH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MAL MS JHP SKD MCS AWR. Wrote the paper: CLS HCL MC.