About the Authors

Jeroen P. Vanderhoeven, Michael G. Gravett, Kristina M. Adams Waldorf
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Craig J. Bierle, Craig E. Rubens, Lakshmi Rajagopal
Center for Childhood Infections and Prematurity Research, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Raj P. Kapur
Departments of Pathology, Seattle Children's and University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Ryan M. McAdams, Craig E. Rubens, Lakshmi Rajagopal
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Richard P. Beyer, Theo K. Bammler, Federico M. Farin
Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Aasthaa Bansal
Department of Biostatistics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Min Spencer, Mei Deng, Kristina M. Adams Waldorf
Center on Human Development and Disability, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Michael G. Gravett, Craig E. Rubens
Global Alliance to Prevent Prematurity & Stillbirth, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JPV RMM KMAW LR RPK MGG CER CJB. Performed the experiments: KMAW RPK JPV MS MD. Analyzed the data: JPV RMM RPB TKB FMF MS RPK AB MS KMAW CJB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RPK TKB RPB FMF. Wrote the paper: JPV RMM TKB LR RPK KMAW CJB.