About the Authors

Kristin L. Boswell

Affiliation Immunology Laboratory, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Robert Paris

Affiliations Immunology Laboratory, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America, United States Military HIV Research Program, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Eli Boritz

Affiliation Human Immunology Section, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

David Ambrozak

Affiliation Immunology Laboratory, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Takuya Yamamoto

Affiliation Immunology Laboratory, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Sam Darko

Affiliation Human Immunology Section, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Kaska Wloka

Affiliation Immunology Laboratory, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Adam Wheatley

Affiliation Immunology Core Section, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Sandeep Narpala

Affiliation Immunology Core Section, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Adrian McDermott

Affiliation Immunology Core Section, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Mario Roederer

Affiliation ImmunoTechnology Section, Vaccine Research Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Richard Haubrich

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Antiviral Research Center, University of California San Diego, San Diego, California, United States of America

Mark Connors

Affiliation HIV-Specific Immunity Section, Laboratory of Immunoregulation, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Julie Ake

Affiliation United States Military HIV Research Program, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Daniel C. Douek

Affiliation Human Immunology Section, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Jerome Kim

Affiliation United States Military HIV Research Program, Rockville, Maryland, United States of America

Constantinos Petrovas

petrovasc@mail.nih.gov

Affiliation Immunology Laboratory, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Richard A. Koup

Affiliation Immunology Laboratory, Vaccine Research Center, NIAID, NIH, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KLB RP TY CP RAK. Performed the experiments: KLB RP EB DA TY KW AW SN CP. Analyzed the data: KLB RP EB TY SD KW AW SN CP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AM MR RH MC JA DCD JK. Wrote the paper: KLB RP TY CP RAK.