About the Authors

Victoria Carter

Affiliation Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, United Kingdom

Ann Underhill

Affiliation Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, United Kingdom

Ibrahima Baber

Affiliation Malaria Research and Training Centre (MRTC), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Lakamy Sylla

Affiliation Malaria Research and Training Centre (MRTC), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Mounirou Baby

Affiliation Centre National de Transfusion Sanguine, Bamako, Mali

Isabelle Larget-Thiery

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Centre for Production and Infection of Anopheles (CEPIA), Parasitology and Mycology Department, Paris, France

Agnès Zettor

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Centre for Production and Infection of Anopheles (CEPIA), Parasitology and Mycology Department, Paris, France

Catherine Bourgouin

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Centre for Production and Infection of Anopheles (CEPIA), Parasitology and Mycology Department, Paris, France

Ülo Langel

Affiliation Department of Neurochemistry Svante Arrhenius v. 21A, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

Ingrid Faye

Affiliation Department of Molecular Bioscience, the Wenner-Gren Institute, Svante Arrhenius v. 20C, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

Laszlo Otvos

Affiliation Temple University Department of Biology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

John D. Wade

Affiliation Howard Florey Research Laboratories, Florey Institute for Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Mamadou B. Coulibaly

Affiliation Malaria Research and Training Centre (MRTC), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Sekou F. Traore

Affiliation Malaria Research and Training Centre (MRTC), Université des Sciences, des Techniques et des Technologies de Bamako, Bamako, Mali

Frederic Tripet

Affiliation Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, United Kingdom

Paul Eggleston

p.eggleston@keele.ac.uk

Affiliation Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, United Kingdom

Hilary Hurd

Affiliation Centre for Applied Entomology and Parasitology, School of Life Sciences, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HH VC MBC SFT FT PE. Performed the experiments: VC AU HH ILT CB AZ IB LS. Analyzed the data: VC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CB UL IF LO JDW MB. Wrote the paper: VC HH. Reviewed/commented on the manuscript: VC HH PE LO CB.