About the Authors

Masfique Mehedi

Current address: Laboratory of Infectious Diseases, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.

Affiliations Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Thomas Hoenen

Affiliation Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Shelly Robertson

Affiliation Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Stacy Ricklefs

Affiliation Research Technology Branch, Genomics Unit, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Michael A. Dolan

Affiliation Bioinformatics and Computational Bioscience Branch, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Travis Taylor

Current address: The University of Toledo, Health Education Building, Toledo, Ohio, United States of America.

Affiliation Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Darryl Falzarano

Affiliation Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Hideki Ebihara

Affiliation Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Stephen F. Porcella

Affiliation Research Technology Branch, Genomics Unit, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Heinz Feldmann

feldmannh@niaid.nih.gov

Affiliations Department of Medical Microbiology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, Laboratory of Virology, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, Division of Intramural Research, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Hamilton, Montana, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MM TH HE SFP HF. Performed the experiments: MM TH SRi SRo TT. Analyzed the data: MM TH SRi SRo MAD TT DF HE SFP HF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HE SFP. Wrote the paper: MM TH MAD HE SFP HF.