About the Authors

Suxiang Tong

sot1@cdc.gov (ST); fwb4@cdc.gov (JS); charles_rupprecht@yahoo.com (CER); edward.holmes@sydney.edu.au (ECH); wilson@scripps.edu (IAW); rvd6@cdc.gov (ROD)

Affiliation Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Xueyong Zhu

Affiliation Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Yan Li

Affiliation Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Mang Shi

Affiliation Sydney Emerging Infections and Biosecurity Institute, School of Biological Sciences and Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Jing Zhang

Affiliation Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Melissa Bourgeois

Affiliation Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Hua Yang

Affiliation Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Xianfeng Chen

Affiliation Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Sergio Recuenco

Affiliation Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Jorge Gomez

Affiliation Direccion General de Epidemiologıa, Ministerio de Salud - MINSA, Lima, Peru

Li-Mei Chen

Affiliation Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Adam Johnson

Affiliation Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Ying Tao

Affiliation Division of Viral Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Cyrille Dreyfus

Affiliation Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Wenli Yu

Affiliation Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Ryan McBride

Affiliation Department of Chemical Physiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Paul J. Carney

Affiliation Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Amy T. Gilbert

Affiliation Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Jessie Chang

Affiliation Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Zhu Guo

Affiliation Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Charles T. Davis

Affiliation Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

James C. Paulson

Affiliations Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America, Department of Chemical Physiology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

James Stevens

sot1@cdc.gov (ST); fwb4@cdc.gov (JS); charles_rupprecht@yahoo.com (CER); edward.holmes@sydney.edu.au (ECH); wilson@scripps.edu (IAW); rvd6@cdc.gov (ROD)

Affiliation Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Charles E. Rupprecht

sot1@cdc.gov (ST); fwb4@cdc.gov (JS); charles_rupprecht@yahoo.com (CER); edward.holmes@sydney.edu.au (ECH); wilson@scripps.edu (IAW); rvd6@cdc.gov (ROD)

Affiliations Division of High Consequence Pathogens and Pathology, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Global Alliance for Rabies Control, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Edward C. Holmes

sot1@cdc.gov (ST); fwb4@cdc.gov (JS); charles_rupprecht@yahoo.com (CER); edward.holmes@sydney.edu.au (ECH); wilson@scripps.edu (IAW); rvd6@cdc.gov (ROD)

Affiliations Sydney Emerging Infections and Biosecurity Institute, School of Biological Sciences and Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Ian A. Wilson

sot1@cdc.gov (ST); fwb4@cdc.gov (JS); charles_rupprecht@yahoo.com (CER); edward.holmes@sydney.edu.au (ECH); wilson@scripps.edu (IAW); rvd6@cdc.gov (ROD)

Affiliations Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America, Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Ruben O. Donis

sot1@cdc.gov (ST); fwb4@cdc.gov (JS); charles_rupprecht@yahoo.com (CER); edward.holmes@sydney.edu.au (ECH); wilson@scripps.edu (IAW); rvd6@cdc.gov (ROD)

Affiliation Influenza Division, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ST IAW JS ROD ECH JCP CER. Performed the experiments: SR JG ATG LMC AJ JZ YL YT XC MB MS CTD PJC JC HY ZG CD WY XZ RM. Analyzed the data: ST YL XZ IAW HY JS ROD LMC AJ MS ECH CTD JCP CER. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SR ATG JG ST IAW JS ROD ECH JCP CER. Wrote the paper: ST IAW JS ROD ECH JCP CER.