About the Authors

Fan Wu

Affiliation Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Andrea Kirmaier

Affiliation Biology Department, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States of America

Robert Goeken

Affiliation Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Ilnour Ourmanov

Affiliation Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Laura Hall

Affiliation Biology Department, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jennifer S. Morgan

Affiliation Biology Department, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States of America

Kenta Matsuda

Affiliation Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Alicia Buckler-White

Affiliation Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Keiko Tomioka

Affiliation Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Ronald Plishka

Affiliation Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Sonya Whitted

Affiliation Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Welkin Johnson

Affiliation Biology Department, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States of America

Vanessa M. Hirsch

vhirsch@niaid.nih.gov

Affiliation Laboratory of Molecular Microbiology, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FW VMH WJ. Performed the experiments: FW RG SW AK JSM ABW RP KT IO KM LH. Analyzed the data: FW AK VMH WJ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RG SW IO KM. Wrote the paper: FW VMH.