About the Authors

Ho Pan Sham

Affiliation Division of Gastroenterology, BC's Children's Hospital, the Child and Family Research Institute and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Emily Yi Shan Yu

Affiliation Division of Gastroenterology, BC's Children's Hospital, the Child and Family Research Institute and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Muhammet F. Gulen

Affiliation Department of Immunology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Ganive Bhinder

Affiliation Division of Gastroenterology, BC's Children's Hospital, the Child and Family Research Institute and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Martin Stahl

Affiliation Division of Gastroenterology, BC's Children's Hospital, the Child and Family Research Institute and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Justin M. Chan

Affiliation Division of Gastroenterology, BC's Children's Hospital, the Child and Family Research Institute and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Lara Brewster

Affiliation Division of Gastroenterology, BC's Children's Hospital, the Child and Family Research Institute and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Vijay Morampudi

Affiliation Division of Gastroenterology, BC's Children's Hospital, the Child and Family Research Institute and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Deanna L. Gibson

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of British Columbia Okanagan, Kelowna, British Columbia, Canada

Michael R. Hughes

Affiliation Department of Medical Genetics, Biomedical Research Center, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Kelly M. McNagny

Affiliation Department of Medical Genetics, Biomedical Research Center, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Xiaoxia Li

lix@ccf.org (XL); bvallance@cw.bc.ca (BAV)

Affiliation Department of Immunology, Lerner Research Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America

Bruce A. Vallance

lix@ccf.org (XL); bvallance@cw.bc.ca (BAV)

Affiliation Division of Gastroenterology, BC's Children's Hospital, the Child and Family Research Institute and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HPS BAV. Performed the experiments: HPS EYSY GB MS JMC LB VM. Analyzed the data: HPS MS BAV. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HPS MFG MS DLG MRH KMM XL. Wrote the paper: HPS BAV.