About the Authors

Michael J. Strong

Contributed equally to this work with: Michael J. Strong, Guorong Xu

Affiliations Department of Pathology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Guorong Xu

Contributed equally to this work with: Michael J. Strong, Guorong Xu

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Joseph Coco

Affiliation Department of Computer Science, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Carl Baribault

Affiliations Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Department of Mathematics, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Dass S. Vinay

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Section of Clinical Immunology, Allergy, and Rheumatology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Michelle R. Lacey

Affiliations Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Department of Mathematics, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Amy L. Strong

Affiliation Tulane Center for Stem Cell Research and Regenerative Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Teresa A. Lehman

Affiliation BioServe Biotechnologies, Ltd., Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

Michael B. Seddon

Affiliation BioServe Biotechnologies, Ltd., Beltsville, Maryland, United States of America

Zhen Lin

Affiliations Department of Pathology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Monica Concha

Affiliations Department of Pathology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Melody Baddoo

Affiliations Department of Pathology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

MaryBeth Ferris

Affiliation Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Kenneth F. Swan

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Deborah E. Sullivan

Affiliation Department of Microbiology & Immunology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Matthew E. Burow

Affiliations Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Department of Medicine, Section of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Christopher M. Taylor

ctay15@lsuhsc.edu (CMT); eflemin@tulane.edu (EKF)

Affiliations Department of Computer Science, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Department of Microbiology, Immunology & Parasitology, Louisiana State University School of Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Research Institute for Children, Children's Hospital, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Erik K. Flemington

ctay15@lsuhsc.edu (CMT); eflemin@tulane.edu (EKF)

Affiliations Department of Pathology, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America, Tulane Cancer Center, New Orleans, Louisiana, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors, Teresa A. Lehman and Michael B. Seddon are currently under the employment of BioServe Biotechnologies, Ltd. BioServe Biotechnologies, Ltd provided funds, resources and equipment to conduct some of the studies and provided salary and benefits for Teresa A. Lehman and Michael B. Seddon. This does not alter our adherence to all PLoS Pathogens policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MJS GX CMT EKF. Performed the experiments: MJS ALS TAL MBS. Analyzed the data: MJS CB DSV MRL ALS TAL MBS ZL MEB DES EKF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MJS GX JC CB MRL ALS TAL MBS MC MB MF KFS CMT. Wrote the paper: MJS EKF.