About the Authors

Charles T. Spencer

Contributed equally to this work with: Charles T. Spencer, Getahun Abate, Isaac G. Sakala

Current address: Department of Biological Sciences, The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas, United States of America.

Affiliations Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America, Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Getahun Abate

Contributed equally to this work with: Charles T. Spencer, Getahun Abate, Isaac G. Sakala

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Isaac G. Sakala

Contributed equally to this work with: Charles T. Spencer, Getahun Abate, Isaac G. Sakala

Current address: Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America.

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Mei Xia

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Steven M. Truscott

Current address: Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, Missouri, United States of America.

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Christopher S. Eickhoff

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Rebecca Linn

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Azra Blazevic

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Sunil S. Metkar

Affiliation NorthShore University HealthSystems Research Institute, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America

Guangyong Peng

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Christopher J. Froelich

Affiliation NorthShore University HealthSystems Research Institute, Evanston, Illinois, United States of America

Daniel F. Hoft

hoftdf@slu.edu

Affiliations Division of Infectious Diseases, Allergy and Immunology, Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America, Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CTS GA IGS MX SMT CSE RL AB SSM GP CJF DFH. Performed the experiments: CTS GA IGS MX SMT CSE RL AB SSM. Analyzed the data: CTS GA IGS MX SMT CSE RL AB SSM GP CJF DFH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CTS GA IGS MX SMT CSE RL AB SSM GP CJF DFH. Wrote the paper: CTS GA IGS MX SMT CSE RL AB SSM GP CJF DFH.