About the Authors

Christa Buckheit Sturdevant

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Anna Dow

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Cassandra B. Jabara

Affiliations Department of Biology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, UNC Center for AIDS Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Sarah B. Joseph

Affiliation Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Gretja Schnell

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Nobutoki Takamune

Affiliation Department of Pharmaceutical Biochemistry, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan

Macpherson Mallewa

Affiliation Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Program, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi

Robert S. Heyderman

Affiliation Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Trust Clinical Research Program, University of Malawi College of Medicine, Blantyre, Malawi

Annelies Van Rie

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Ronald Swanstrom

risunc@med.unc.edu

Affiliations Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, UNC Center for AIDS Research, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CBS AD CBJ SBJ GS MM RSH AVR RS. Performed the experiments: CBS AD CBJ SBJ GS NT MM RSH. Analyzed the data: CBS AD CBJ SBJ GS NT MM RSH AVR RS. Wrote the paper: CBS AD CBJ SBJ GS NT MM RSH AVR RS.