About the Authors

Daniel Sauter, Daniel Unterweger, Michael Vogl, Shariq M. Usmani, Anke Heigele, Silvia F. Kluge, Elisabeth Hermkes, Frank Kirchhoff
Institute of Molecular Virology, Ulm University Medical Center, Ulm, Germany

Markus Moll
Center for Infectious Medicine, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden

Edward Barker
Department of Immunology and Microbiology, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Martine Peeters
Laboratoire Retrovirus UMR145, IRD and Université Montpellier, BP64501, Montpellier, France

Gerald H. Learn, Frederic Bibollet-Ruche, Beatrice H. Hahn
Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Joëlle V. Fritz, Oliver T. Fackler
Department of Infectious Diseases, Virology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

Beatrice H. Hahn
Department of Microbiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Corresponding Author

frank.kirchhoff@uni-ulm.de

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DS SMU JVF OTF FK. Performed the experiments: DS DU MV SMU AH SFK EH FBR GHL JVF. Analyzed the data: DS DU MV SMU AH SFK EH FBR GHL JVF FK. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MM EB MP. Wrote the paper: BHH FK.