About the Authors

Nicole M. Chumbler

Affiliation Chemical and Physical Biology Program, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Melissa A. Farrow

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Lynne A. Lapierre

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Jeffrey L. Franklin

Affiliations Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology and the Epithelial Biology Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

David Haslam

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America

James R. Goldenring

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America, Department of Cell and Developmental Biology and the Epithelial Biology Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

D. Borden Lacy

borden.lacy@vanderbilt.edu

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NMC MAF LAL JRG DBL. Performed the experiments: NMC LAL. Analyzed the data: NMC MAF LAL JLF JRG DBL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DH. Wrote the paper: NMC DBL.