About the Authors

Jessica L. Prince

Contributed equally to this work with: Jessica L. Prince, Daniel T. Claiborne

Affiliation Emory Vaccine Center at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Daniel T. Claiborne

Contributed equally to this work with: Jessica L. Prince, Daniel T. Claiborne

Affiliation Emory Vaccine Center at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Jonathan M. Carlson

Affiliation Microsoft Research, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Malinda Schaefer

Affiliation Emory Vaccine Center at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Tianwei Yu

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Shabir Lahki

Affiliation Zambia-Emory HIV Research Project, Lusaka, Zambia

Heather A. Prentice

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Ling Yue

Affiliation Emory Vaccine Center at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Sundaram A. Vishwanathan

Current address: Laboratory branch, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, NCHHSTP, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America.

Affiliation Emory Vaccine Center at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

William Kilembe

Affiliation Zambia-Emory HIV Research Project, Lusaka, Zambia

Paul Goepfert

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Matthew A. Price

Affiliation International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Jill Gilmour

Affiliation International AIDS Vaccine Initiative, London, England

Joseph Mulenga

Affiliation Zambia-Emory HIV Research Project, Lusaka, Zambia

Paul Farmer

Affiliation Emory Vaccine Center at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Cynthia A. Derdeyn

Affiliations Emory Vaccine Center at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Jiaming Tang

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

David Heckerman

Affiliation Microsoft Research, Los Angeles, California, United States of America

Richard A. Kaslow

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of America

Susan A. Allen

Affiliations Zambia-Emory HIV Research Project, Lusaka, Zambia, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Eric Hunter

ehunte4@emory.edu

Affiliations Emory Vaccine Center at Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EH DTC JLP SAV PG JMC. Performed the experiments: DTC JLP MS. Analyzed the data: EH DTC JLP JMC DH TY JT RAK MAP HAP PG SAA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LY PF RAK JT SL JM WK JG SAA. Wrote the paper: DTC JLP EH CAD JMC. Were critically involved in sample collection, site maintenance, participant recruitment and follow-up: SL JM WK JG SAA.