About the Authors

Hilario J. Ramos

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Marion C. Lanteri

Affiliation Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Gabriele Blahnik

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Amina Negash

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Mehul S. Suthar

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Margaret M. Brassil

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Khushbu Sodhi

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Piper M. Treuting

Affiliation Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Michael P. Busch

Affiliations Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Philip J. Norris

Affiliations Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America, Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Michael Gale Jr.

mgale@u.washington.edu

Affiliations Department of Immunology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America, Department of Microbiology, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HJR MG MCL PJN MPB. Performed the experiments: HJR MCL GB MMB KS AN MSS PMT. Analyzed the data: HJR MCL PMT. Wrote the paper: HJR MG.