About the Authors

Arunava Bandyopadhaya

Contributed equally to this work with: Arunava Bandyopadhaya, Meenu Kesarwani

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Shriners Hospitals for Children Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Meenu Kesarwani

Contributed equally to this work with: Arunava Bandyopadhaya, Meenu Kesarwani

Address Current address: Cincinnati Children's Hospital and Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America.

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Shriners Hospitals for Children Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Yok-Ai Que

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Shriners Hospitals for Children Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jianxin He

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Shriners Hospitals for Children Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Katie Padfield

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Shriners Hospitals for Children Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Ronald Tompkins

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Shriners Hospitals for Children Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Laurence G. Rahme

rahme@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu

Affiliations Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America, Shriners Hospitals for Children Boston, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AB MK LGR. Performed the experiments: AB MK YQ JH KP. Analyzed the data: AB MK LGR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LGR RT. Wrote the paper: AB MK LGR.