About the Authors

Adeline M. Hajjar

hajjar@uw.edu

Affiliation Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Robert K. Ernst

Contributed equally to this work with: Robert K. Ernst, Edgardo S. Fortuno III

Affiliation Department of Microbial Pathogenesis, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Edgardo S. Fortuno III

Contributed equally to this work with: Robert K. Ernst, Edgardo S. Fortuno III

Affiliation Division of Infectious and Immunological Diseases, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Alicia S. Brasfield

Affiliation Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Cathy S. Yam

Affiliation Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Lindsay A. Newlon

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Tobias R. Kollmann

Affiliation Division of Infectious and Immunological Diseases, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Samuel I. Miller

Affiliation Departments of Medicine, Genome Sciences, and Microbiology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Christopher B. Wilson

Address Current address: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Immunology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AMH RKE ESF TRK SIM CBW. Performed the experiments: AMH ESF RKE ASB CSY LAN. Analyzed the data: AMH RKE ESF ASB CSY LAN TRK SIM CBW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AMH RKE ESF TRK. Wrote the paper: AMH RKE ESF ASB CSY LAN TRK SIM CBW.