About the Authors

Kimberley D. Seed, Andrew Camilli
Howard Hughes Medical Institute and Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Shah M. Faruque
Molecular Genetics Laboratory, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

John J. Mekalanos
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Stephen B. Calderwood
Division of Infectious Diseases, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Firdausi Qadri
Centre for Vaccine Sciences, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Corresponding Author

andrew.camilli@tufts.edu

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KDS AC. Performed the experiments: KDS AC. Analyzed the data: KDS AC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KDS SMF JJM SBC FQ AC. Wrote the paper: KDS AC.