About the Authors

Shridhar Bale

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Jean-Philippe Julien

Contributed equally to this work with: Jean-Philippe Julien, Zachary A. Bornholdt, Christopher R. Kimberlin

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Zachary A. Bornholdt

Contributed equally to this work with: Jean-Philippe Julien, Zachary A. Bornholdt, Christopher R. Kimberlin

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Christopher R. Kimberlin

Contributed equally to this work with: Jean-Philippe Julien, Zachary A. Bornholdt, Christopher R. Kimberlin

Address Current address: Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Peter Halfmann

Affiliation Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Michelle A. Zandonatti

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

John Kunert

Affiliation Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Gerard J. A. Kroon

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Yoshihiro Kawaoka

Affiliations Department of Pathobiological Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America, Division of Virology, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, International Research Center for Infectious Diseases, Institute of Medical Science, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Ian J. MacRae

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Ian A. Wilson

Affiliations Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America, The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Erica Ollmann Saphire

erica@scripps.edu

Affiliations Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America, The Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SB ZAB CRK JPJ EOS. Performed the experiments: SB CRK JPJ PH JK MAZ GJAK. Analyzed the data: SB ZAB CRK JPJ PH GJAK EOS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: SB ZAB CRK JPJ PH MAZ JK YK IJM IAW. Wrote the paper: SB ZAB JPJ PH EOS.