About the Authors

Qinfeng Huang

Contributed equally to this work with: Qinfeng Huang, Xuefeng Deng, Ziying Yan

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, United States of America

Xuefeng Deng

Contributed equally to this work with: Qinfeng Huang, Xuefeng Deng, Ziying Yan

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, United States of America, College of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China

Ziying Yan

Contributed equally to this work with: Qinfeng Huang, Xuefeng Deng, Ziying Yan

Affiliation Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of America

Fang Cheng

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, United States of America

Yong Luo

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, United States of America

Weiran Shen

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, United States of America

Diana C. M. Lei-Butters

Affiliation Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of America

Aaron Yun Chen

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, United States of America

Yi Li

Address Current address: Department of Bioengineering, Wuhan Bioengineering Institute, Economic Development Zone of Yangluo, Wuhan, Hubei, China

Affiliation College of Life Sciences, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China

Liang Tang

Affiliation Department of Molecular Biosciences, University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, United States of America

Maria Söderlund-Venermo

Affiliation Haartman Institute, Department of Virology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland

John F. Engelhardt

Affiliation Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of America

Jianming Qiu

jqiu@kumc.edu

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Molecular Genetics and Immunology, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: Q.Huang X.Deng Z.Yan Y.Li L.Tang J.Qiu. Performed the experiments: Q.Huang X.Deng Z.Yan F.Cheng Y.Luo W.Shen D.C.M.Lei-Butters A.Y.Chen L.Tang. Analyzed the data: Q.Huang X.Deng Z.Yan L.Tang J.Qiu. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: M.Söderlund-Venermo. Wrote the paper: Q.Huang X.Deng Z.Yan M.Söderlund-Venermo J.F.Engelhardt J.Qiu.