About the Authors

Ruy M. Ribeiro

Current address: Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Lisboa, Lisboa, Portugal

Affiliation Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America

Hui Li

Affiliation Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Shuyi Wang

Affiliation Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Mark B. Stoddard

Affiliation Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Gerald H. Learn

Affiliation Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Bette T. Korber

Affiliation Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America

Tanmoy Bhattacharya

Affiliation Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America

Jeremie Guedj

Affiliation Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America

Erica H. Parrish

Affiliation Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Beatrice H. Hahn

Affiliation Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

George M. Shaw

Affiliation Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Alan S. Perelson

asp@lanl.gov

Affiliation Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RMR HL BHH GMS ASP. Performed the experiments: HL SW MBS EHP. Analyzed the data: RMR HL GHL BTK TB JG GMS ASP. Wrote the paper: RMR HL TB JG GMS ASP. Critically read and approved manuscript: RMR HL SW MBS GHL BTK TB JG EHP BHH GMS ASP.