About the Authors

Jerod A. Skyberg

jskyberg@montana.edu

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

MaryClare F. Rollins

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

Jeff S. Holderness

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

Nicole L. Marlenee

Affiliations Rocky Mountain Regional Center for Excellence in Bioterrorism and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

Igor A. Schepetkin

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

Andrew Goodyear

Affiliations Rocky Mountain Regional Center for Excellence in Bioterrorism and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

Steven W. Dow

Affiliations Rocky Mountain Regional Center for Excellence in Bioterrorism and Emerging Infectious Diseases, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America, Department of Microbiology, Immunology, and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, United States of America

Mark A. Jutila

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

David W. Pascual

Affiliation Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, United States of America

Competing Interests

I have read the Journal's policy and we have the following conflicts: MAJ holds shares in LigoCyte Pharmaceuticals, which together with Montana State University, held a National Institutes of Health contract that partially funded this work. LigoCyte Pharmaceuticals had no monetary or intellectual input toward the research nor the interpretation of this report. A provisional patent application of the therapeutic use of the Acai-derived polysaccharides has been submitted on behalf of JAS, JSH, IAS, MAJ, and DWP. Acai extract is contained in many commercial products. This does not alter the authors' adherence to all the journal policies on sharing data and materials. All other authors have no financial conflict of interest.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JAS MAJ DWP. Performed the experiments: JAS MFR JSH NLM. Analyzed the data: JAS MAJ DWP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JAS JSH IAS AG SWD. Wrote the paper: JAS DWP.