About the Authors

Bronwyn M. Gunn

Contributed equally to this work with: Bronwyn M. Gunn, Thomas E. Morrison

Affiliations Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, Carolina Vaccine Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Thomas E. Morrison

Contributed equally to this work with: Bronwyn M. Gunn, Thomas E. Morrison

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, United States of America

Alan C. Whitmore

Affiliation Carolina Vaccine Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Lance K. Blevins

Affiliation Carolina Vaccine Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Linda Hueston

Affiliation Arbovirus Emerging Disease Unit, CIDMLS-ICPMR, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, Australia

Robert J. Fraser

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

Lara J. Herrero

Affiliations Virus and Inflammation Research Group, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia, Emerging Viruses and Inflammation Research Group, Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia

Ruben Ramirez

Affiliation Virus and Inflammation Research Group, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia

Paul N. Smith

Affiliation The Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

Suresh Mahalingam

s.mahalingam@griffith.edu.au (SM); heisem@med.unc.edu (MTH)

Affiliations Virus and Inflammation Research Group, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia, Emerging Viruses and Inflammation Research Group, Institute for Glycomics, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia

Mark T. Heise

s.mahalingam@griffith.edu.au (SM); heisem@med.unc.edu (MTH)

Affiliations Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, Carolina Vaccine Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America, Department of Genetics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BMG TEM SM MTH. Performed the experiments: BMG TEM ACW LKB LJH RR PNS. Analyzed the data: BMG TEM LJH SM MTH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: LH RJF. Wrote the paper: BMG MTH.