About the Authors

Richard Copin, Marie-Alice Vitry, Delphine Hanot Mambres, Arnaud Machelart, Jean-Jacques Letesson
Unité de Recherche en Biologie Moléculaire, Laboratoire d'Immunologie et de Microbiologie, Faculté Universitaire Notre Dame de la Paix, Namur, Belgium

Carl De Trez, Stefan Magez
Department of Molecular and Cellular Interactions, Vlaams Interuniversitair Instituut voor Biotechnologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium

Jean-Marie Vanderwinden
Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium

Shizuo Akira
Department of Host Defense, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University Yamadaoka, Suita City, Osaka, Japan

Bernhard Ryffel
University of Orleans, Transgenose Institute, Laboratoire d'Immunologie et d'Embryologie Moléculaires, CNRS, UMR 6218, Orleans, France

Yves Carlier, Eric Muraille
Laboratoire de Parasitologie, Faculté de Médecine, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EM JJL. Performed the experiments: RC EM MAV DHM AM CDT. Analyzed the data: EM JJL RC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EM JJL JMV SM SA BR YC. Wrote the paper: EM JJL.