About the Authors

Kouyuki Hirayasu, Katsushi Tokunaga
Department of Human Genetics, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Kouyuki Hirayasu
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan

Kouyuki Hirayasu, Koichi Kashiwase, Atsuko Ogawa, Minoko Takanashi, Masahiro Satake, Kazunori Nakajima, Toshio Yabe
Japanese Red Cross Tokyo Blood Center, Koto-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Kouyuki Hirayasu, Hisashi Arase
Department of Immunochemistry, WPI Immunology Frontier Research Center, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Jun Ohashi, Izumi Naka
Doctoral Program in Life System Medical Sciences, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

Hathairad Hananantachai, Jintana Patarapotikul
Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand

Peter Parham
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, California, United States of America

Hisashi Arase
Department of Immunochemistry, Research Institute for Microbial Diseases, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka, Japan

Hisashi Arase
Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Saitama, Japan

Corresponding Authors

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KH JO PP HA KT JP TY. Performed the experiments: KH JO HH IN JP. Analyzed the data: KH JO PP TY. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KK AO MT MS KN. Wrote the paper: KH JO PP HA TY.