About the Authors

Irina Saraiva Franco

irinafranco@hotmail.com

Affiliations Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Microbiology, University of Chicago, Cummings Life Science Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Nadim Shohdy

Current address: New York University Office of Industrial Liaison, New York, New York, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America

Howard A. Shuman

Affiliations Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Microbiology, University of Chicago, Cummings Life Science Center, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: IF NS HAS. Performed the experiments: IF NS. Analyzed the data: IF NS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HAS. Wrote the paper: IF HAS.