About the Authors

Jonathan S. Finkel

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Wenjie Xu

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

David Huang

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Elizabeth M. Hill

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Jigar V. Desai

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Carol A. Woolford

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Jeniel E. Nett

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Heather Taff

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Carmelle T. Norice

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

David R. Andes

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Section of Infectious Diseases, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America

Frederick Lanni

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Aaron P. Mitchell

apm1@cmu.edu

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JSF WX DH EMH CAW JVD JEN HT CTN DRA FL APM. Performed the experiments: JSF WX DH EMH JVD JEN HT CTN CAW. Analyzed the data: JSF WX JVD DRA FL APM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JSF WX DH EMH JVD JEN HT CTN. Wrote the paper: JSF WX APM.