About the Authors

Thomas R. Lerner

Contributed equally to this work with: Thomas R. Lerner, Andrew L. Lovering

Affiliation Centre for Genetics and Genomics, School of Biology, University of Nottingham, Medical School, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Andrew L. Lovering

Contributed equally to this work with: Thomas R. Lerner, Andrew L. Lovering

Affiliation School of Biosciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom

Nhat Khai Bui

Affiliation The Centre for Bacterial Cell Biology, Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Kaoru Uchida

Affiliation Department of Life Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Shobara, Hiroshima, Japan

Shin-Ichi Aizawa

Affiliation Department of Life Sciences, Prefectural University of Hiroshima, Shobara, Hiroshima, Japan

Waldemar Vollmer

Affiliation The Centre for Bacterial Cell Biology, Medical School, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom

R. Elizabeth Sockett

liz.sockett@nottingham.ac.uk

Affiliation Centre for Genetics and Genomics, School of Biology, University of Nottingham, Medical School, Nottingham, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RES ALL TRL WV. Performed the experiments: TRL ALL NKB KU. Analyzed the data: RES ALL TRL WV S-IA. Wrote the paper: TRL RES ALL WV.