About the Authors

Chenfang Wang

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

Shijie Zhang

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

Rui Hou

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

Zhongtao Zhao

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

Qian Zheng

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

Qijun Xu

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

Dawei Zheng

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

Guanghui Wang

Affiliations Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

Huiquan Liu

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

Xuli Gao

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

Ji-Wen Ma

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

H. Corby Kistler

Affiliation USDA ARS Cereal Disease Laboratory, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, United States of America

Zhensheng Kang

jinrong@purdue.edu (JRX); kangzs@nwsuaf.edu.cn (ZK)

Affiliation Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China

Jin-Rong Xu

jinrong@purdue.edu (JRX); kangzs@nwsuaf.edu.cn (ZK)

Affiliations Purdue-NWAFU Joint Research Center and State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shanxi, China, Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HCK, ZK, JRX. Performed the experiments: CW, SZ, RH, ZZ, QZ, QX, DZ, GW, HL, JWM, XG. Analyzed the data: CW, HL, ZK, JRX. Wrote the paper: CW, SZ, RH, ZZ, QZ, ZK, JRX.