About the Authors

Ming Zeng

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Peter J. Southern

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Cavan S. Reilly

Affiliation Division of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Greg J. Beilman

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Jeffrey G. Chipman

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Timothy W. Schacker

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Ashley T. Haase

haase001@umn.edu

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Medical School, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MZ TWS ATH. Performed the experiments: MZ PJS. Analyzed the data: MZ CSR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TWS GJB JGC. Wrote the paper: MZ ATH.