About the Authors

Cheng Huang

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

Kumari G. Lokugamage

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

Janet M. Rozovics

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, California, United States of America

Krishna Narayanan

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

Bert L. Semler

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, School of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, California, United States of America

Shinji Makino

shmakino@utmb.edu

Affiliation Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CH SM. Performed the experiments: CH KGL KN. Analyzed the data: CH KGL KN SM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JMR BLS. Wrote the paper: CH KN BLS SM.