About the Authors

Zhen Zou

Contributed equally to this work with: Zhen Zou, Jayme Souza-Neto

Affiliation Department of Entomology and the Institute for Integrative Genome Biology, University of California, Riverside, California, United States of America

Jayme Souza-Neto

Contributed equally to this work with: Zhen Zou, Jayme Souza-Neto

Current address: Center for Technological Development in Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Affiliation W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Zhiyong Xi

Current address: Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Affiliation W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Vladimir Kokoza

Affiliation Department of Entomology and the Institute for Integrative Genome Biology, University of California, Riverside, California, United States of America

Sang Woon Shin

Affiliation Department of Entomology and the Institute for Integrative Genome Biology, University of California, Riverside, California, United States of America

George Dimopoulos

gdimopou@jhsph.edu (GD); alexander.raikhel@ucr.edu (AR)

Affiliation W. Harry Feinstone Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Alexander Raikhel

gdimopou@jhsph.edu (GD); alexander.raikhel@ucr.edu (AR)

Affiliation Department of Entomology and the Institute for Integrative Genome Biology, University of California, Riverside, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AR GD. Performed the experiments: ZZ JSN ZX VK SWS. Analyzed the data: ZZ JSN ZX GD AR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ZZ JSN ZX VK GD. Wrote the paper: ZZ JSN GD AR.