About the Authors

Susanne Pfefferle

Contributed equally to this work with: Susanne Pfefferle, Julia Schöpf, Manfred Kögl

Affiliations Bernhard-Nocht-Institute, Hamburg, Germany, Institute of Virology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Julia Schöpf

Contributed equally to this work with: Susanne Pfefferle, Julia Schöpf, Manfred Kögl

Affiliation Max-von-Pettenkofer Institute, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich, München, Germany

Manfred Kögl

Contributed equally to this work with: Susanne Pfefferle, Julia Schöpf, Manfred Kögl

Affiliation DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany

Caroline C. Friedel

Affiliations Institute for Informatics, LMU Munich, München, Germany, Institute of Pharmacy and Molecular Biotechnology, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany

Marcel A. Müller

Affiliation Institute of Virology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Javier Carbajo-Lozoya

Affiliation Max-von-Pettenkofer Institute, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich, München, Germany

Thorsten Stellberger

Affiliation Max-von-Pettenkofer Institute, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich, München, Germany

Ekatarina von Dall’Armi

Affiliation Max-von-Pettenkofer Institute, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich, München, Germany

Petra Herzog

Affiliation Institute of Virology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Stefan Kallies

Affiliation Institute of Virology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Daniela Niemeyer

Affiliation Institute of Virology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Vanessa Ditt

Affiliation Institute of Virology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Thomas Kuri

Affiliation IMMH, Albert-Ludwigs-University-Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

Roland Züst

Affiliation Institute of Immunobiology, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, Switzerland

Ksenia Pumpor

Affiliation Institute of Biochemistry, University of Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany

Rolf Hilgenfeld

Affiliation Institute of Biochemistry, University of Luebeck, Luebeck, Germany

Frank Schwarz

Affiliation DKFZ, Heidelberg, Germany

Ralf Zimmer

Affiliation Institute for Informatics, LMU Munich, München, Germany

Imke Steffen

Affiliation Institute of Virology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany

Friedemann Weber

Affiliations IMMH, Albert-Ludwigs-University-Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany, Institute of Virology, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Marburg, Germany

Volker Thiel

Affiliation Institute of Immunobiology, Kantonsspital St. Gallen, Switzerland

Georg Herrler

Affiliation Institute of Virology, Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany

Heinz-Jürgen Thiel

Affiliation Institute for Virology, Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin, Justus-Liebig Universität Gießen, Giessen, Germany

Christel Schwegmann-Weßels

Affiliation Institute of Virology, Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover, Hannover, Germany

Stefan Pöhlmann

Affiliation Institute of Virology, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany

Jürgen Haas

vonbrunn@mvp.uni-muenchen.de (AvB); drosten@virology-bonn.de (CD); juergen.haas@ed.ac.uk (JH)

Affiliations Max-von-Pettenkofer Institute, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich, München, Germany, Division of Pathway Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Christian Drosten

vonbrunn@mvp.uni-muenchen.de (AvB); drosten@virology-bonn.de (CD); juergen.haas@ed.ac.uk (JH)

Affiliation Institute of Virology, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany

Albrecht von Brunn

vonbrunn@mvp.uni-muenchen.de (AvB); drosten@virology-bonn.de (CD); juergen.haas@ed.ac.uk (JH)

Affiliation Max-von-Pettenkofer Institute, Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) Munich, München, Germany

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: M. Kögl, F. Weber, V. Thiel, G. Herrler, H. Thiel, C. Swegmann-Weßels, S. Pöhlmann, C. Drosten, A. von Brunn. Performed the experiments: S. Pfefferle, J. Schöpf, M. Müller, J. Carbajo-Lozoya, T. Stellberger, P. Herzong, S. Kallies, D. Niemeyer, V. Ditt, T. Kuri, R. Züst, E. von Dall'Armi, I. Steffen, A. von Brunn. Analyzed the data: M. Kögl, C. Friedel, R. Zimmer, F. Schwarz, F. Weber, V. Thiel, H. Thiel, C. Schwegmann-Weßels, S. Pöhlmann, C. Drosten, A. von Brunn. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: K. Pumpor, R. Hilgenfeld, J. Haas. Wrote the paper: A. von Brunn, C. Drosten, S. Pöhlmann.