About the Authors

Noëlla Arnaud

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Hepacivirus and Innate Immunity, Paris, France

Stéphanie Dabo

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Hepacivirus and Innate Immunity, Paris, France

Daisuke Akazawa

Affiliation National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Department of Virology II, Tokyo, Japan

Masayoshi Fukasawa

Affiliation National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Tokyo, Japan

Fumiko Shinkai-Ouchi

Affiliation National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Department of Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Tokyo, Japan

Jacques Hugon

Affiliation Institut du Fer à Moulin, INSERM UMRS 839, Paris, France

Takaji Wakita

Affiliation National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Department of Virology II, Tokyo, Japan

Eliane F. Meurs

emeurs@pasteur.fr

Affiliation Institut Pasteur, Hepacivirus and Innate Immunity, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NA TW EFM. Performed the experiments: NA SD DA MF FS-O. Analyzed the data: NA TW EFM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JH DA MF FS-O TW. Wrote the paper: NA EFM.